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Parkinsonism

(Secondary Parkinsonism; Atypical Parkinsonism)

By

The Manual's Editorial Staff

Last full review/revision Jul 2020| Content last modified Jul 2020
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What is parkinsonism?

In Parkinsonism, you have symptoms of Parkinson disease, but they're caused by a different brain disorder or by certain drugs or poisons.

What causes parkinsonism?

Causes of parkinsonism include:

What are the symptoms of parkinsonism?

Parkinsonism symptoms include:

  • Your hand shakes while your muscles are relaxed (this is a key symptom, since most other hand tremors happen when hand muscles are in use)

  • Stiff muscles

  • Slow movements

  • Problems balancing and walking

  • Memory loss early on (in Parkinson disease memory loss occurs later)

  • Low blood pressure, difficulty swallowing, constipation, and urinary problems

  • Unusual eye movements

  • Hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that aren’t there) early on (in Parkinson disease hallucinations occur later)

  • Problems using or understanding language

How can doctors tell if I have parkinsonism?

How do doctors treat parkinsonism?

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Fractures of the Jaw and Midface
Fractures to one or more facial structures can result from a single injury. Jaw fractures may occur to the mandible, or lower jaw, or to the maxilla, bone of the upper jaw. Other structures susceptible to fracture include the eye sockets, nose, and cheek bones. Which of the following facial structures is most likely to fracture if a person falls from a great height or hits the windshield of a car face-first during a motor vehicle accident?
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