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Brief Psychotic Disorder

By

Carol Tamminga

, MD, UT Southwestern Medical Dallas

Last full review/revision May 2020| Content last modified May 2020
Click here for the Professional Version

The symptoms of brief psychotic disorder resemble the delusions, hallucinations, or other psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia, but they last for a much shorter time (from 1 day to 1 month).
 

People with brief psychotic disorder have at least one of the following symptoms:

  • Delusions (false beliefs that people maintain against strong evidence)

  • Hallucinations

  • Disorganized speech

  • Very disorganized or catatonic (immobile or unresponsive) behavior

Doctors diagnose brief psychotic disorder if the person's symptoms last less than 1 month and another disorder does not better account for symptoms. Other disorders that can produce similar symptoms include adverse drug effects, medical problems such as a brain tumor or temporal lobe epilepsy, schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder.

Treatment of brief psychotic disorder is similar to treatment of schizophrenia and requires a doctor's supervision and sometimes short-term treatment with antipsychotic drugs

Relapse is common, but people with brief psychotic disorder typically function well between episodes and have few or no symptoms.

NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: Click here for the Professional Version
Click here for the Professional Version
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