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Congenital Cystic Dysplasia of the Kidneys

(Congenital Renal Cystic Dysplasia)

By

Enrica Fung

, MD, MPH, Loma Linda University School of Medicine

Last full review/revision Apr 2021| Content last modified Apr 2021
Click here for the Professional Version

Congenital cystic dysplasia of the kidneys is a broad category of birth defects involving the kidneys and/or urinary tract that may cause blockage of the flow of urine.

Congenital cystic dysplasia affects one or both kidneys. Cystic dysplasia of the kidneys may be the only birth defect, or it may be part of a syndrome and occur together with other abnormalities. Abnormalities may affect other parts of the urinary tract, including the ureter, bladder, or rarely the urethra, testes, or abdominal wall muscles. (See figure Viewing the Urinary Tract Viewing the Urinary Tract The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that figure prominently in the urinary tract. Each is about 4 to 5 inches (12 centimeters) long and weighs about one third of a pound (150 grams). One lies... read more .)

Prognosis is highly unpredictable because it may be difficult for doctors to tell how much kidney tissue is unaffected and functions normally.

More Information

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Urethritis
Urethritis is an infection of the urethra, the tube that transports urine out of the body from the bladder. Many organisms can cause urethritis. Which of the following is an organism that commonly causes urethritis in men, but is more likely to infect reproductive organs in women?  
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