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Quick Facts

Polymyalgia Rheumatica


The Manual's Editorial Staff

Last full review/revision Oct 2019| Content last modified Oct 2019
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What is polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR)?

PMR is an inflammatory condition that causes severe pain and stiffness in the muscles of your neck, back, shoulders, and hips.

  • Doctors don’t know what causes PMR

  • It usually occurs in people over 55, particularly women

  • Your neck, back, shoulders, and hips feel stiff and painful

  • To diagnose PMR, doctors do blood tests

  • Doctors treat it with corticosteroid pills

What causes PMR?

What are the symptoms of PMR?

Symptoms can happen suddenly or develop slowly. They usually include:

  • Aching pain and stiffness in your neck, shoulders, back, and hips

  • Severe stiffness when you wake up in the morning

  • Stiffness after you've been sitting still for a while

The pain and stiffness may keep you from doing your normal daily activities.

You may feel sick all over, lose your appetite, and be tired and depressed.

What are the complications of PMR?

A lot of people who have a blood vessel disease called giant cell arteritis Giant Cell Arteritis Giant cell arteritis is chronic inflammation of large and medium arteries of the head, neck, and upper body. Typically affected are the temporal arteries, which run through the temples and provide... read more also have PMR. And some people with PMR develop giant cell arteritis. In giant cell arteritis, your immune system attacks the lining of your blood vessels. It can affect the blood vessels in your eye and cause blindness if not treated.

Tell your doctor if you have symptoms of giant cell arteritis, including:

  • Headache

  • Jaw pain during chewing

  • Scalp tenderness

  • Vision loss or blurring in one eye, or double vision

How can doctors tell if I have PMR?

Doctors diagnose PMR based on your:

  • Symptoms

  • Blood tests

How do doctors treat PMR?

Doctors treat PMR with:

  • Corticosteroids

  • Medicines to block your immune system

  • Physical therapy

Most people with PMR feel much better very quickly when treated with corticosteroids. If you get better quickly, doctors are quite sure that you have PMR.

You usually need to take medicine for at least a year. Then the dose can be slowly lowered. PMR can come back again.

People who take corticosteroids for a long time can develop:

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Most of the body’s iron is found in hemoglobin, the substance in red blood cells that enables the cells to supply oxygen to all the body’s tissues. Iron also plays a role in muscle cell function and the formation of some enzymes. While iron is found in many foods, it may or may not be easily absorbed depending on the type of iron. Which of the following foods contains the more easily absorbed type of iron?
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