"Broncho-" refers to the breathing passages inside the lungs and "-pulmonary" means lungs. "Dysplasia" means abnormal tissues. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is long-term lung damage that happens to some babies who had serious breathing problems at birth.
BPD usually happens to babies who were on a ventilator or needed oxygen early in life for a long time.
If your baby has a breathing problem, a ventilator and extra oxygen can be life-saving. But the ventilator and the oxygen can damage your baby's lungs if they're used for a long time.
Lung damage is more likely if your baby:
Was very premature
Has a serious lung problem, like respiratory distress syndrome
Had a serious infection in the womb or right after birth
Doctors suspect BPD if your baby:
To know for sure doctors will do:
To treat BPD, doctors will:
When your baby leaves the hospital, doctors will:
Have you keep your baby away from cigarette smoke
Give your baby medicine and the flu vaccine to prevent lung infections