Ketamine is available in powder and liquid form. The powder can be snorted or taken orally. The liquid can be injected intravenously, into a muscle (intramuscularly), or under the skin (subcutaneously).
Phencyclidine (PCP or angel dust) is most often smoked after being sprinkled on plant material, such as parsley, mint leaves, tobacco for smoking, or marijuana Marijuana Marijuana (cannabis) is a drug made from the plants Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica that contain a psychoactive chemical called delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana... read more (some street names are "wet" and "fry"). It can also be snorted or taken orally.
(See also Drug Use and Abuse Overview of Substance-Related Disorders Medications and other substances, whether used for legitimate medical purposes, as a habit (for example, caffeine), or recreationally, are an integral part of everyday life for many people ... read more .)
Symptoms of Ketamine or PCP Use
Ketamine and PCP cause giddiness and euphoria, which are often followed by bursts of anxiety. With high doses (overdose), users have a distorted perception of their body, the environment, and time. They feel scattered or as if they are not real (called depersonalization), and they feel detached from their environment (called dissociation).
At even higher doses, hallucinations and paranoid delusions may occur, and the sense of detachment from the world intensifies. Ketamine users often refer to these experiences as a k-hole. People may become combative. Coordination may be lost, and muscles tremble and jerk.
Very high doses may cause
A fast heart rate
Very high blood pressure
Death in rare cases
Diagnosis of Ketamine or PCP Use
A doctor's evaluation
Doctor's base the diagnosis of ketamine use on the person's history of having used the drug and symptoms. Ketamine is not detected on routine urine drug testing. Special tests (called gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy testing) can be used to confirm the use of ketamine.
Treatment of Ketamine or PCP Use
Quiet, nonthreatening environment
Observation and monitoring until the person is sober
Usually, reassurance and a quiet, nonthreatening environment help people recover from the effects of ketamine use. People usually return to normal consciousness in 45 minutes to several hours. Benzodiazepines (sedatives) can be used to control agitation and seizures.
The following English-language resources may be useful. Please note that THE MANUAL is not responsible for the content of these resources.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): Ketamine and PCP-specific information from the federal agency that supports scientific research into drug use and its consequences and supplies information about commonly used drugs, research priorities and progress, clinical resources, and grant and funding opportunities.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): US Department of Health agency that leads public health efforts to improve behavioral health and provides resources, including treatment locators, toll-free helplines, practitioner training tools, statistics, and publications on a variety of substance-related topics.