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Fluoroquinolones

By

Brian J. Werth

, PharmD, University of Washington School of Pharmacy

Last full review/revision Jun 2022| Content last modified Sep 2022
CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION
Topic Resources

Fluoroquinolones include the following:

  • Ciprofloxacin

  • Delafloxacin

  • Gemifloxacin

  • Levofloxacin

  • Moxifloxacin

  • Norfloxacin

  • Ofloxacin

Fluoroquinolones can be taken by mouth, and some can be given intravenously or as ear or eye drops.

Fluoroquinolones work by interfering with DNA inside bacteria, resulting in death of the bacteria.

Table

Fluoroquinolones

Drug

Common Uses

Some Potential Side Effects

Ciprofloxacin

Delafloxacin

Gatifloxacin (eye infections only)

Gemifloxacin

Levofloxacin

Moxifloxacin

Norfloxacin

Ofloxacin

Diarrhea due to certain bacteria

Gastrointestinal upset and diarrhea*

Nausea

Nervousness, tremors, and seizures

Mood alterations, paranoia, confusion, tremors, hallucinations, and depression

Inflammation or rupture of tendons

Numbness in the hands or feet

Muscle weakness

Use of Fluoroquinolones During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION
CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION
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