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Overview of Congenital Genitourinary Anomalies

By

Ronald Rabinowitz

, MD, University of Rochester Medical Center;


Jimena Cubillos

, MD, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

Last full review/revision Sep 2020| Content last modified Sep 2020
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Congenital anatomic anomalies of the genitourinary tract are more common than those of any other organ system.

Urinary tract anomalies predispose patients to many complications, including urinary tract infection, obstruction, stasis, calculus formation, and impaired renal function. Congenital urinary tract anomalies discussed here are

Genital anomalies may cause voiding or sexual dysfunction, impaired fertility, psychosocial difficulties, or a combination. Congenital genital anomalies discussed here are

Genitourinary anomalies frequently require surgical reconstruction.

Many anomalies are diagnosed in utero via routine prenatal ultrasonography. Some congenital renal anomalies (eg, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, medullary sponge kidney, hereditary nephritis) typically do not manifest until adulthood.

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