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默沙东 诊疗手册

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Risk Factors for Primary Osteoporosis

Risk Factors for Primary Osteoporosis

  • 家族成员有骨质疏松症

  • 饮食中钙和维生素 D 摄入不足

  • 运动少

  • 白人或亚洲人种

  • 体格较瘦

  • 过早绝经

  • 吸烟

  • 过度饮酒或过量咖啡因