MSD Manual

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Normal Values for Range of Motion of Joints*

Normal Values for Range of Motion of Joints*

Joint

Motion

Range (°)

Hip

Flexion

0–125

Extension

115–0

Hyperextension

0–15

Abduction

0–45

Adduction

45–0

Lateral rotation

0–45

Medial rotation

0–45

Knee

Flexion

0–130

Extension

120–0

Ankle

Plantar flexion

0–50

Dorsiflexion

0–20

Foot

Inversion

0–35

Eversion

0–25

Metatarsophalangeal joints

Flexion

0–30

Extension

0–80

Interphalangeal joints of toes

Flexion

0–50

Extension

50–0

Shoulder

Flexion to 90°

0–90

Extension

0–50

Abduction to 90°

0–90

Adduction

90–0

Lateral rotation

0–90

Medial rotation

0–90

Elbow

Flexion

0–160

Extension

145–0

Pronation

0–90

Supination

0–90

Wrist

Flexion

0–90

Extension

0–70

Abduction

0–25

Adduction

0–65

Metacarpophalangeal joints

Abduction

0–25

Adduction

20–0

Flexion

0–90

Extension

0–30

Interphalangeal proximal joints of fingers

Flexion

0–120

Extension

120–0

Interphalangeal distal joints of fingers

Flexion

0–80

Extension

80–0

Metacarpophalangeal joint of thumb

Abduction

0–50

Adduction

40–0

Flexion

0–70

Extension

60–0

Interphalangeal joint of thumb

Flexion

0–90

Extension

90–0

*Ranges are for people of all ages. Age-specific ranges have not been established; however, values are typically lower in fully functional elderly people than in younger people.

Extension beyond midline.