MSD Manual

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Examples of Procedures That Require Preventive Antibiotics in the United States*

Examples of Procedures That Require Preventive Antibiotics in the United States*

Type of Procedure†

Examples

Dental

Tooth extraction

Periodontal procedures such as gum surgery, scaling, root planing, and probing

Placement of dental implants

Replacement of a tooth that was knocked out

Root canal surgery beyond the end of the root

Cleanings if bleeding is expected to result

Lungs and respiratory tract

Removal of tonsils or adenoids

Bronchoscopy

Procedures done in a person who has an infection

Vaginal delivery

In women with artificial heart valves

Some women with birth defects of the heart

* In people at high risk of developing infective endocarditis, antibiotics are needed.

† Antibiotics may be needed before some procedures of the digestive or urinary tract, skin, or muscles if an infection is already present in the tissue.