MSD Manual

Please confirm that you are not located inside the Russian Federation

honeypot link

Introduction to Disorders of Kidney Tubules

By

L. Aimee Hechanova

, MD, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso

Last full review/revision Nov 2020| Content last modified Nov 2020
Click here for the Professional Version
Topic Resources

The kidneys begin these tasks by filtering the blood as it flows through microscopic tufts of blood vessels with small pores (glomeruli). This process moves a large amount of water and electrolytes and other substances into the kidney tubules. The cells lining these tubules reabsorb and return needed water, electrolytes, and nutrients (such as glucose and amino acids) to the blood. The cells also transport waste products and drugs from the blood into the fluid (which becomes urine) as it flows through the tubules. The kidneys also add hormones that maintain blood supply (erythropoietin), blood pressure, and electrolyte balance.

Viewing the Urinary Tract

Organs of the Urinary Tract

Disorders that interfere with the transport functions of the cells lining the tubules are called tubular disorders or transport disorders. They include

NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: Click here for the Professional Version
Click here for the Professional Version
Others also read
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID

Test your knowledge

Nephrotic Syndrome
Glomeruli are clusters of tiny blood vessels in the kidneys containing pores that filter blood. In patients with nephrotic syndrome the glomeruli do not function properly and cause excessive protein excretion into the urine. Excessive protein excretion in turn may lead to fluid accumulation, low levels of the protein albumin in the blood, and high levels of blood fats. There are several causes of nephrotic syndrome, including which of the following?
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID

Also of Interest

Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
TOP