MSD Manual

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Noel E. Armenakas, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Urology, Weill Cornell Medical School; Lenox Hill Hospital and New York Presbyterian Hospital

Robert B. Cohen, DMD

Clinical Assistant Professor and Practice Coordinator, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine

Ralph E. Cutler, MD (Deceased)

Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine

Sidney N. Klaus, MD

Professor of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Dartmouth Medical School

Melvin I. Roat, MD, FACS

Clinical Associate Professor, Thomas Jefferson University
Cornea Service, Wills Eye Institute

James R. Roberts, MD, FACEP, FACMT, FAAEM

Professor and Vice Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine
Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine and Director, Division of Toxicology, Mercy Catholic Medical Center

Robert J. Ruben, MD

Distinguished University Professor, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center

Stewart Shankel, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine and Director of Clinical Medicine, University of California—Riverside

Eva M. Vivian, PharmD

Clinical Associate Professor, University of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy