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Rehabilitation for Blindness

By

Salvador E. Portugal

, DO, New York University, Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine

Last full review/revision Aug 2021
CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSONAL VERSION

Rehabilitation Overview of Rehabilitation Rehabilitation services are needed by people who have lost the ability to function normally, often because of an injury, a stroke, an infection, a tumor, surgery, or a progressive disorder ... read more for people who are blind depends on whether blindness was present at birth (congenital) or at a very young age or whether it developed later in life. Children who are born blind or who become blind at a very young age usually receive special education about how to function without sight from the beginning. Thus, most of them become well-adjusted. However, people who become blind later in life must learn new ways of dealing with daily living, such as how to feed themselves. Usually, people are taught the clock method. The dinner plate is pictured as a clock, and the meat is always placed at 8 o'clock, with the vegetable at 4 o’clock and the beverage at 1 o’clock.

Therapists also teach people to rely more on their other senses and to use devices for the blind, such as Braille. The goal is to help people function as well as possible, become independent, and regain their self-confidence.

Blind people also have to learn how to use a cane, and family members and other caregivers must learn how to walk with them. Family members are instructed not to change the location of furniture or other objects without telling the blind person.

Learning how to use a seeing eye dog and Braille come much later. In the interim, audio books help the blind participate in reading.

More Information

The following English-language resources may be useful. Please note that THE MANUAL is not responsible for the content of these resources.

NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSONAL VERSION
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Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) Orders
A do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order is a document placed in a person’s medical record by a doctor. It informs the medical staff at a hospital that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should not be attempted if a person’s heart and/or breathing stops. CPR is often followed by more drastic measures such as use of electric shocks to the heart or insertion of a breathing tube; a DNR order stops these measures as well. When administered near the end of life, what is the success rate of CPR?
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