Because of their worries, children with generalized anxiety disorder have problems paying attention and may be restless and irritable.
Doctors diagnose generalized anxiety disorder based on characteristic symptoms that have lasted 6 months or more.
Training children how to relax is often the best treatment, but sometimes a drug to reduce the anxiety is needed.
(See also Overview of Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents and Generalized Anxiety Disorder in adults.)
In children with generalized anxiety disorder, worries are general and encompass many things and activities rather than one specific thing such as being away from their mother (as in separation anxiety disorder). Controlling the worries is difficult. Stress worsens the anxiety.
These children often have difficulty paying attention and may be hyperactive, restless, and irritable. They may feel keyed up, tense, or on edge. They may also sleep poorly, sweat excessively, feel exhausted, and complain of physical symptoms, such as stomachache, muscle aches, and headache.
The COVID-19 pandemic brought with it abrupt and far-ranging disruptions that increased anxiety in nearly all children. These disruptions include school closures, isolation from others (extended family, peers, teachers, cultural groups, and religious congregations), the need to live in constrained spaces with family members for weeks to months, parental job loss, and uncertainty about the future.
If anxiety is mild, relaxation training is often the most appropriate treatment. Other types of counseling may also be tried.
If anxiety is severe or counseling is not effective, drugs that can reduce anxiety, usually selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or sometimes buspirone (an antianxiety drug), may be needed.