What is vaginal discharge?
Vaginal discharge is fluid that comes out of your vagina (birth canal).
Is vaginal discharge normal?
All women have some vaginal discharge at times. Normal vaginal discharge is milky white or thin and clear, without any smell.
When is vaginal discharge abnormal?
Vaginal discharge is abnormal if it is:
Heavier or thicker than usual
White and clumpy (like cottage cheese)
Gray, green, yellow, or slightly bloody
Smelly, like fish
With abnormal vaginal discharge, you may also have itching, burning, a rash, or soreness in your vulva (the area outside the opening to the vagina).
What causes abnormal vaginal discharge?
Most causes of vaginal discharge are not dangerous.
The most common cause of an abnormal vaginal discharge is:
An infection in your vagina—yeast infections or sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). An STI is an infection that is spread from person to person by sexual contact. Gonorrhea infects your genitals and, in women, your fallopian... read more , trichomoniasis Trichomoniasis Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). An STI is an infection that is spread from person to person by sexual contact. Trichomoniasis is more likely to cause symptoms... read more , and chlamydia Chlamydia Chlamydia are bacteria that can cause several kinds of infection. One common chlamydia infection is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). An STI is an infection that is spread from person... read more
Other causes of abnormal vaginal discharge include:
Creams, powders, soaps, or other items that touch and irritate your vulva
Causes of vaginal discharge in children include:
An infection due to wiping poorly or not washing hands after passing stool (pooping)
Chemicals in bubble baths or soaps
Something stuck in the vagina, like a piece of toilet paper or a toy
When should I see a doctor?
See a doctor within a day if you have vaginal discharge and any of these warning signs:
Discharge that looks like pus
Stool (poop) in your vaginal discharge
A child with a fever or yellow or green discharge that smells fishy could have an STI (sexually transmitted infection), possibly from sexual abuse. Take this child to a doctor that day.
See a doctor within a few days if you have abnormal discharge but no warning signs.
If you've had yeast infections Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) Candidiasis is an infection by Candida yeast. Because yeast is a type of fungus, candidiasis is a fungal infection, but it's usually referred to as a yeast infection. Candida yeast... read more before, you probably don't need to see a doctor every time you have the typical symptoms, unless you also have other symptoms. Typical symptoms are a thick, white, and clumpy discharge and itching and burning in your vulva. Yeast infections should be treated with antifungal medicines.
What will happen when I go to the doctor?
Doctors will ask questions about your vaginal discharge and any other symptoms.
Doctors typically do a pelvic exam. During a pelvic exam, your doctor looks inside your vagina, holding it open with a small instrument called a speculum. Doctors may use a cotton swab to take a sample of the discharge for testing.
How do doctors treat abnormal vaginal discharge?
Doctors treat the cause of your discharge, if they can. For example, if you have an infection caused by bacteria, doctors will give you antibiotics to take by mouth.
If you’re feeling sore and itchy, doctors may also suggest you:
Keep your vulva as clean as possible
Put ice packs on your vulva
Soak in a warm bathtub
Stop using creams, powders, soaps, or other items that irritate your vulva
Apply medicines (such as a corticosteroid cream)