A bunion is a bony bump at the base of your big toe. The bump can be painful.
A bunion is really just the end of one of your foot bones
The end of the foot bone appears to stick out because your big toe is pushed in
Tight or pointy shoes can cause bunions
The joint at the base of your big toe can get inflamed and eventually develop arthritis
Sometimes, wearing wider shoes or using bunion pads in your shoes is enough to ease the pain
If needed, doctors do surgery to reshape or remove some bone
A bunion can develop when something forces your big toe in toward your other toes. Causes of bunions include:
Once you have a bunion, pressure or stress on it makes it inflamed. Inflammation causes pain and swelling. Eventually you may have permanent pain and swelling (osteoarthritis).
Doctors can usually tell if you have bunions by looking at your feet. They may also:
If doctors aren't sure whether you have another problem such as gout or a joint infection, they may:
Doctors treat bunions by having you:
If those don’t work, doctors may also: