MSD Manual

Please confirm that you are not located inside the Russian Federation

Loading

Silent Lymphocytic Thyroiditis

(Postpartum Thyroiditis)

By

Jerome M. Hershman

, MD, MS, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Last full review/revision Oct 2020| Content last modified Oct 2020
Click here for the Professional Version
Topic Resources

Silent lymphocytic thyroiditis is painless, autoimmune inflammation of the thyroid that typically develops after childbirth and usually goes away on its own.

Silent lymphocytic thyroiditis occurs most often among women, typically three to four months after childbirth, and causes the thyroid to become enlarged without becoming tender. The disorder recurs with each subsequent pregnancy.

For several weeks to several months, people have an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) followed by an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) before eventually recovering normal thyroid function.

Symptoms

Silent lymphocytic thyroiditis begins in the 3 to 4 months following childbirth. It starts with a hyperthyroid phase when the thyroid gland gets bigger without any pain or tenderness. Then the woman develops hypothyroidism before the condition usually resolves on its own. During the second phase, the woman may experience symptoms of hypothyroidism, which may include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, dry skin and hair, and cold intolerance.

Did You Know...

  • The word "silent" in silent lymphocytic thyroiditis indicates that the thyroid inflammation causes no pain or tenderness.

  • Lymphocytic refers to the type of white blood cells seen when thyroid tissue is examined with a microscope.

Diagnosis

  • Thyroid function tests

The diagnosis of silent lymphocytic thyroiditis is made based on a person's symptoms and the results of the examination and thyroid function tests. Rarely, doctors do a biopsy of the thyroid to confirm the diagnosis.

If a woman developed silent lymphocytic thyroiditis after a pregnancy, doctors usually test for the disorder after subsequent pregnancies.

Treatment

  • Beta-blocker for hyperthyroidism

  • Thyroid hormone replacement for hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism may require treatment for a few weeks, often with a beta-blocker such as atenolol. Beta-blockers help control many of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. For example, these drugs can slow a fast heart rate, reduce tremors, and control anxiety.

During the period of hypothyroidism, the person may need to take thyroid hormone, usually for no longer than about 12 months. However, hypothyroidism becomes permanent in about 10% of people with silent lymphocytic thyroiditis, and these people must take thyroid hormone for the rest of their life.

NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: Click here for the Professional Version
Click here for the Professional Version
Others also read

Also of Interest

Videos

View All
The Adrenal Glands
Video
The Adrenal Glands
3D Models
View All
Male Endocrine System
3D Model
Male Endocrine System

SOCIAL MEDIA

test
iOS Android
iOS Android
iOS Android
TOP