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Quick Facts

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)

By

The Manual's Editorial Staff

Last full review/revision Nov 2020| Content last modified Nov 2020
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What is bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)?

"Broncho-" refers to the breathing passages inside the lungs and "-pulmonary" means lungs. "Dysplasia" means abnormal tissues. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is long-term lung damage that happens to some babies who had serious breathing problems at birth.

What causes BPD?

What are the symptoms of BPD?

Symptoms in babies include:

  • Fast breathing

  • Looking like they're struggling to breathe

  • Blue skin caused by low oxygen levels

How can doctors tell if my baby has BPD?

Doctors suspect BPD if your baby:

  • Was born prematurely and needed a ventilator for a long time

  • Continues to need extra oxygen or to be on the ventilator after the original lung problem has gotten better

To know for sure doctors will do:

How do doctors treat BPD?

To treat BPD, doctors will:

  • Give your baby oxygen through a small tube placed in the nose

  • Have your baby take extra breast milk or formula to help your baby’s lungs grow

  • Give medicine to make your baby urinate (pee) to get extra fluid out of the body, including the lungs

When your baby leaves the hospital, doctors will:

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Preventive Health Care Visits in Infants
Frequent doctor visits are recommended for all infants younger than 1 year of age. These visits, also called well-child visits, make it possible to check development, look for health problems, provide age-appropriate vaccinations, and educate parents. Which of the following is a condition that might affect some infants born very prematurely, with less than 32 weeks of development in the uterus?
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