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Congenital Cystic Dysplasia of the Kidneys

(Congenital Renal Cystic Dysplasia)

By

Enrica Fung

, MD, MPH, Loma Linda University School of Medicine

Last full review/revision Apr 2021| Content last modified Apr 2021
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Congenital cystic dysplasia of the kidneys is a broad category of birth defects involving the kidneys and/or urinary tract that may cause blockage of the flow of urine.

Congenital cystic dysplasia affects one or both kidneys. Cystic dysplasia of the kidneys may be the only birth defect, or it may be part of a syndrome and occur together with other abnormalities. Abnormalities may affect other parts of the urinary tract, including the ureter, bladder, or rarely the urethra, testes, or abdominal wall muscles. (See figure Viewing the Urinary Tract Viewing the Urinary Tract The kidneys filter and cleanse the blood. They also maintain the body’s balance of water, electrolytes (such as sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, and chloride), and nutrients in the blood. The... read more .)

Prognosis is highly unpredictable because it may be difficult for doctors to tell how much kidney tissue is unaffected and functions normally.

More Information

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Test your knowledge
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which multiple fluid-filled sacs, or cysts, form in the kidneys. Occasionally, symptoms of PKD are so mild that a person lives his or her entire life unaware of having the disorder. In addition to cysts, which typically enlarge over time, individuals with PKD often develop other medical issues. Which of the following is NOT a medical issue known to affect people with PKD?
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