MSD Manual

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Tumors That Originate in or Near the Spinal Cord*

Tumors That Originate in or Near the Spinal Cord*

Type of Tumor

Origin

Cancer Status

Astrocytoma

Cells of the tissue that supports nerve cells

Cancerous or noncancerous

Chordoma

Cells of the embryo (embryonic cells) that develop into the spinal cord

Noncancerous but invasive

Ependymoma

Cells lining the canal in the center of the spinal cord

Noncancerous

Meningioma

Cells of the layers of tissue covering the spinal cord (meninges)

Noncancerous but may recur or occasionally become cancerous

Neurofibroma

Cells that support peripheral nerves (the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord)

Usually noncancerous

Schwannoma

Cells (called Schwann cells) that wrap around peripheral nerve fibers, forming the myelin sheath

Usually noncancerous

*These tumors can occur in children and adults.