Cancer is the out-of-control growth of cells in your body. Cells are the tiny building blocks of your body. Cells specialize in what they do. Different organs are made of different kinds of cells. Almost any kind of cell can become cancerous.
The testicles are the pair of organs where sperm is made. They are inside the scrotum, the sac of skin that hangs down behind a man’s penis. Testicular cancer is the out-of-control growth of cells of the testicle.
Testicular cancer is most common among men under age 40
You usually have a painless lump in your testicle, or your testicle gets larger
Doctors recommend that young men check their own testicles for lumps once a month
Doctors do surgery to remove the testicle that has cancer and may give you radiation or chemotherapy
With treatment testicular cancer is usually curable
Having a testicle removed won't harm your sex drive, erections, or ability to have children
Doctors don't know what causes testicular cancer. But it's more common if one or both testicles didn't descend into the scrotum normally (undescended testicles).
Doctors suspect testicular cancer in young men who have a lump in the testicle. Doctors then do:
Ultrasound to see if a lump is cancer or a harmless fluid-filled growth
Sometimes, surgery to see if it's cancer
If you have cancer, they'll do:
Treatment often cures men with testicular cancer. Doctors will usually:
Other treatments depend on the specific type of cancer, how aggressive it is, and how far it's spread. Treatments may include:
Men who are going to get radiation or chemotherapy may store their sperm before treatment because these treatments may cause fertility problems. If you have surgery to remove a cancerous testicle, the remaining one should function normally so you can have children.