MSD Manual

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A Practical Approach to a Low-Cholesterol, Low-Saturated Fat Diet

A Practical Approach to a Low-Cholesterol, Low-Saturated Fat Diet

Foods to Reduce

Foods to Choose

Meats and meat products

Fatty cuts of beef, lamb, and pork

Spareribs

Organ meats, such as liver

Regular cold cuts

Sausage

Hot dogs

Fish

Chicken and turkey (without the skin)

Lean cuts of beef, lamb, pork, and veal

Dairy products and eggs

Whole milk

Evaporated or condensed whole milk

Cream

Half-and-half

Most nondairy creamers

Nonfat (skim) milk

1% fat milk

Buttermilk

Whipped toppings

Low or nonfat whipped toppings

Whole-milk yogurt

Whole-milk cottage cheese

Cheeses (such as blue, Roquefort, Camembert, cheddar, and Swiss)

Cream cheese

Sour cream

Ice cream

Nonfat or low-fat yogurt

Low-fat cottage cheese

Low-fat cheeses

Low or nonfat sour cream

Sherbet, sorbet, and frozen low-fat yogurt (limit sugar-containing foods if triglycerides are high)

Butter and butter-margarine mixtures

Less solid forms of margarines made from liquid vegetable oils (packaged in a tub or squeeze bottle)

Margarine products containing a plant sterol or stanol

Butter and oil blends

Egg yolks (to less than 3 a week)

Cholesterol-free egg substitutes

Egg whites (2 whole egg whites can be substituted for 1 egg in recipes)

Commercial baked goods

Pies

Cakes

Doughnuts

Croissants

Pastries

Muffins

Biscuits

High-fat crackers

High-fat cookies

Egg noodles

Breads made with several eggs

Homemade baked goods made with unsaturated oils

Angel food cake

Low-fat cookies and crackers (limit sugar-containing foods if triglycerides are high)

Whole-grain* (oatmeal, bran, rye, and multigrain) breads and cereals

Saturated fats and oils

Chocolate

Cocoa powder

Carob

Nonfat chocolate syrup

Coconut oil

Palm oil

Lard

Bacon

Unsaturated vegetable oils: soybean, corn, canola, olive, sesame, safflower, and sunflower

Dressings

Dressings made with egg yolk

Low-fat mayonnaise and salad dressings made with liquid oils

Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables prepared in butter, saturated fats, cream, or sauces made with saturated fat

Fresh, frozen, canned, and dried fruits or vegetables*

Coconut

Seeds and nuts*

* Fruits, vegetables, grains, seeds, and nuts contain no cholesterol, and most contain little or no saturated fat.