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Overview of Gallbladder and Bile Duct Disorders

By

Christina C. Lindenmeyer

, MD, Cleveland Clinic

Last full review/revision Apr 2020| Content last modified Apr 2020
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The liver produces bile, a greenish yellow, thick, sticky fluid. Bile aids digestion by making cholesterol, fats, and fat-soluble vitamins easier to absorb from the intestine. Bile also helps eliminate certain waste products (mainly bilirubin and excess cholesterol) and by-products of drugs from the body.

The biliary tract Gallbladder and Biliary Tract The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped, muscular storage sac that holds bile and is interconnected to the liver by ducts known as the biliary tract. (See also Overview of the Liver and Gallbladder... read more Gallbladder and Biliary Tract consists of small tubes (ducts) that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder and then to the small intestine. The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped sac located beneath the liver. It stores bile. When bile is needed, as when people eat, the gallbladder contracts, pushing bile through the bile ducts into the small intestine.

View of the Liver, Bile Ducts, and Gallbladder

View of the Liver, Bile Ducts, and Gallbladder

The flow of bile can be blocked by the following:

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Test your knowledge

Jaundice in Adluts
Jaundice is a condition in which the skin and white parts of the eyes appear yellow. It occurs when there is too much bilirubin, a yellow waste product, in the blood. Which of the following is NOT a common cause of jaundice?
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