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Introduction to Miscellaneous Disorders in Infants and Young Children

By

Christopher P. Raab

, MD, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University

Last full review/revision Aug 2021| Content last modified Aug 2021
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Few children make it through their first years without minor concerns. Crying Crying All infants and young children cry as a form of communication. It is the only way they have to express a need. Thus, most crying is in response to hunger, discomfort (such as that due to a wet... read more , problems with feeding Feeding Problems Common feeding problems include gastroesophageal reflux, gastroenteritis, too much food, too little food, and dehydration (fluid loss). Some feeding problems resolve without treatment, but others... read more , rashes Rashes in Children A rash is an abnormal change in the texture or color of the skin. Known causes of rashes include irritation and bacterial, fungal, or viral infections. Symptoms include redness, white or yellow... read more Rashes in Children , and an occasional fever Fever in Infants and Children Normal body temperature varies from person to person and throughout the day (it is typically highest in the afternoon). Normal body temperature is higher in preschool-aged children and highest... read more Fever in Infants and Children are common. These become health concerns only when they are extreme—for example, when children cry too much, when they are not growing well (see Failure to Thrive Failure to Thrive Failure to thrive is a delay in weight gain and physical growth that can lead to delays in development and maturation. Medical disorders and a lack of proper nutrition are causes of failure... read more ), or when they have high fevers that do not go away. Most childhood problems are not severe.

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Test your knowledge

Preventive Health Care Visits in Infants
Frequent doctor visits are recommended for all infants younger than 1 year of age. These visits, also called well-child visits, make it possible to check development, look for health problems, provide age-appropriate vaccinations, and educate parents. Which of the following is a condition that might affect some infants born very prematurely, with less than 32 weeks of development in the uterus?
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