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Tendons and Bursae

By

Alexandra Villa-Forte

, MD, MPH, Cleveland Clinic

Last full review/revision Dec 2019| Content last modified Sep 2020
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Topic Resources

Tendons are tough bands of connective tissue made up mostly of a rigid protein called collagen. Tendons firmly attach each end of a muscle to a bone Bones Bone, although strong, is a constantly changing tissue that has several functions. Bones serve as rigid structures to the body and as shields to protect delicate internal organs. They provide... read more Bones . They are often located within sheaths, which are lubricated to allow the tendons to move without friction.

Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs that can lie under a tendon, cushioning the tendon and protecting it from injury. Bursae also provide extra cushioning to adjacent structures that otherwise might rub against each other, causing wear and tear—for example, between a bone and a ligament Ligaments Ligaments are tough fibrous cords composed of connective tissue that contains both collagen and elastic fibers. The elastic fibers allow the ligaments to stretch to some extent. Ligaments surround... read more or a bony prominence and overlying skin (such as in the elbow, kneecap, or shoulder area).

Did You Know...

  • Tendons connect the ends of muscles to bones, whereas ligaments connect bones to other bones.

Muscles and Other Tissues of the Musculoskeletal System

Muscles and Other Tissues of the Musculoskeletal System
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Gout is a disorder in which deposits of uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints because of high blood levels of uric acid. Which of the following is the most common cause of high blood levels of uric acid?
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