Slow-developing (over weeks to months) or sudden, severe symptoms
Shortness of breath
Stopping the drug that is causing symptoms
Corticosteroids (sometimes effective)
Many classes of drugs may cause this disease.
The disease is often more severe in older people.
The effects of some drugs on the lungs are similar to those of systemic lupus erythematosus Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory connective tissue disorder that can involve joints, kidneys, skin, mucous membranes, and blood vessel walls. Problems in the... read more (lupus).
The extent and severity of the disease are sometimes related to how large the drug dose was and how long the drug was taken.
Most commonly, coughing up blood (hemoptysis)
Anemia due to chronic blood loss
Kidney failure (sometimes)
Corticosteroids and cytotoxic drugs (such as cyclophosphamide )
Blood transfusions if needed because of blood loss
Oxygen therapy for a low level of oxygen in the blood
In these rare disorders, blood leaks from small, thin-walled blood vessels (capillaries), often because of an autoimmune reaction.
People may have Goodpasture syndrome Goodpasture Syndrome Goodpasture syndrome is an uncommon autoimmune disorder in which bleeding into the lungs and progressive kidney failure occur. People usually have difficulty breathing and may cough up blood... read more , granulomatosis with polyangiitis Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Granulomatosis with polyangiitis often begins with inflammation of small- and medium-sized blood vessels and tissues in the nose, sinuses, throat, lungs, or kidneys. The cause is unknown. The... read more , systemic lupus erythematosus Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory connective tissue disorder that can involve joints, kidneys, skin, mucous membranes, and blood vessel walls. Problems in the... read more (lupus), idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis Idiopathic Pulmonary Hemosiderosis Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a rare disorder that causes repeated episodes of bleeding into the lungs, leading to accumulation of iron (hemosiderosis) in the lungs. Idiopathic pulmonary... read more (iron in the lungs), or drug reactions.
Massive bleeding can cause death.
Sometimes coughing up blood
This rare disorder occurs in young women.
It may worsen during pregnancy.